Black Clouds in Manila, a novel by Tessie Jayme
by Tessie Jayme
Black Clouds in Manila
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The Philippine National Anthem
The Philippine national anthem "Filipinas" was originally written in Spanish by Julian Felipe in 1898 and in English during the American Commonwealth Era in 1938. The English version is entitled "The Philippine Hymn" and in 1958 the Filipino (Tagalog) version was written with the title, "Lupang Hinirang".

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